Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy

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Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy

Ovarian cyst removal is surgery to remove a cyst or cysts from one or both of your ovaries. A laparoscopic surgery uses small incisions and specialized tools. It may offer faster recovery times than open surgery.

An ovarian cyst may need to be removed if it is:

  • Suspected of being cancerous —the chances are lower if you are young
  • Large—more than 2.5 inches in diameter
  • Solid—rather than containing just fluid
  • Causing pain

Possible Complications:

Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have an ovarian cyst removed, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Cyst returns after it is removed
  • Need for removal of one or both ovaries
  • Infertility
  • Blood clots
  • Damage to other organs
  • Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:

    • Smoking
    • Drinking
    • Chronic diseases such as diabetes or obesity
    • The use of certain prescription medications

    The following may also increase your risk of complications:

    • Pregnancy
    • Prior abdominal surgery

    Prior to Procedure, the following investigations may be needed to be done:

    • Physical exam
    • Review of medications
    • Blood tests
    • Urine test
    • CT scan / MRI
    • Ultrasound

    Procedure :

    A small incision will be made just below the navel. Next, a laparoscope will be inserted. This is a thin tube with a camera on the end. To allow the doctor to better view the organs, carbon dioxide gas will be pumped into the abdomen. The laparoscope will be used to locate the cyst. When it is found, one or two more incisions will be made. Surgical instruments will be inserted to remove the cyst. Tissue may be removed for testing. If cancer is found, both ovaries may need to be removed. After the cyst is removed, the instruments will be removed. The incision area will be closed with stitches or staples.

    In some cases, the doctor may switch to an open surgery. A larger incision will be made in the abdomen to do the surgery.

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